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5274 Use of Force forms were completed in the 12 months ending December 2021. This compares to 4891 forms in the 12 months ending December 2020.

In addition to recording the reason force was used, officers will also provide information on the primary conduct of the subject (degree of resistance), any impact factors (for example alcohol, drugs, mental health, weapons etc), the type of location where force was used, any injuries sustained by either the officer or the subject, and the outcome.

Use of force Dec 2020 - Dec 2021
Forms submittedDec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21Dec-21
Total 335 426 364 366 387 485 462 462 483 442 495 422 480
Rolling 12 months 4,891 4,975 4,984 4,860 4,861 4,925 5,014 4,947 5,021 5,096 5,144 5,129 5,274

Techniques

Each Use of Force form will detail all of the techniques used during that particular event. Techniques include the use of AEP, Batons, Police Dogs, Ground Restraint, Handcuffs, Irritant Spray (CS or PAVA), Limb/Body Restraints, Shields, Spit Guards and Taser, as well as unarmed skills.

The effectiveness of each technique is also recorded. This helps the Constabulary identify areas of learning and any potential training requirements.

In the event of a firearm or taser being used, additional question sets will also need to be completed.

All techniques
 TechniqueDec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21Dec-21
Number of times used 538 714 635 638 658 827 780 784 759 737 814 681 785
Effectiveness 469 638 557 566 574 740 694 677 665 645 757 639 734
% effective 87.2% 89.4% 87.7% 88.7% 87.2% 89.5% 89.0% 86.4% 87.6% 87.5% 93.0% 93.8% 93.5%

Demographics

Police officers should record the gender, age and ethnicity of every person who has force used on them. This information is key to being able to monitor disproportionality and to take appropriate action were necessary.

The Constabulary has historically used census information to better understand if any groups are disproportionately represented. However, a new approach has been recently adopted whereby the profile of people who have force used on them is also compared to the profile of suspects on crimes committed in our force area; this is likely to be a better representation of the people who come into contact with the police.

Gender demographics
GenderDec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21Dec-21R12 monthsR12 months
Male 240 302 268 279 304 385 338 359 350 320 353 327 378 3,963 75.1%
Female 89 119 91 85 78 91 120 95 113 119 118 79 87 1,195 22.7%
Transgender 3 0 2 0 2 5 0 1 2 0 1 0 0 13 0.2%
Not stated 3 5 3 2 3 4 4 7 18 3 23 16 15 103 2.0%
Total 335 426 364 366 387 485 462 462 483 442 495 422 480 5,274  -

 

Age demographics
AgeDec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21Dec-21R12 monthsR12 months
10 years or under 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 8 1 2 0 15 0.3%
Under 18 56 43 45 35 48 55 85 61 52 37 60 44 40 605 11.5%
18-34 160 231 208 194 191 261 229 248 225 228 259 197 243 2,714 51.5%
35-49 81 113 78 98 122 122 104 106 126 129 100 128 124 1,350 25.6%
50-64 30 32 24 35 20 38 38 39 52 31 45 30 47 431 8.2%
65 and over 2 1 5 0 2 3 2 1 3 5 7 5 9 43 0.8%
Not stated 6 4 4 4 4 5 4 6 25 4 23 16 17 116 2.2%
Total 335 426 364 366 387 485 462 462 483 442 495 422 480 5,274  -

 

Ethnicity demographics
EthinicityDec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21Dec-21R12 monthsR12 months
Asian / Asian British 16 14 25 24 33 26 20 26 25 20 21 12 14 260 4.9%
Black / Black British 22 25 20 20 25 28 37 45 34 38 22 37 30 361 6.8%
Mixed 14 9 4 11 1 9 11 16 16 13 4 1 0 95 1.8%
Other ethnic origin 17 27 20 22 15 26 26 26 18 32 13 6 5 236 4.5%
White / White British 261 340 289 280 298 385 359 332 353 328 408 346 405 4,123 78.2%
Not stated 5 11 6 9 15 11 9 17 37 11 27 20 26 199 3.8%
Total 335 426 364 366 387 485 462 462 483 442 495 422 480 5,274  -

Number of subjects arrested

Number of subjects arrested overview
  Dec-20 Jan-21 Feb-21 Mar-21 Apr-21 May-21 Jun-21 Jul-21 Aug-21 Sep-21 Oct-21 Nov-21 Dec-21
Month 200 288 187 217 243 309 275 271 262 268 285 239 337
Rolling 12 months 3,049 3,123 3,076 3,011 3,013 3,056 3,104 3,028 3,028 3,060 3,097 3,044 3,181

3181 people who had force used on them in the 12 months ending December 2021 were arrested; while 23.5% of all incidents resulted in the subject being detained under the Mental Health Act

Result
 ResultDec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21Dec-21R12 months R12 months
Arrested 200 288 187 217 243 309 275 271 262 268 285 239 337 3,181 60.3%
Made off / escaped 5 2 5 3 2 5 4 5 12 6 2 1 0 47 0.9%
Detained - Mental Health Act 93 115 139 112 94 114 125 122 137 112 75 61 36 1,242 23.5%
Hospitalised 3 0 3 5 1 3 2 2 2 1 24 20 16 79 1.5%
Fatality 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%
No further action 55 33 42 39 36 49 62 60 88 48 19 36 53 565 10.7%
Other outcome 46 61 56 64 58 75 69 72 69 56 125 85 53 843 16.0%

Note: It is possible for one Use of Force form to have more than one outcome, therefore the percentage calculation is based on the number of forms, not the number of outcomes. 

 

 

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