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Use of force 2020 - 2021

5,115 Use of Force forms were completed in the 12 months ending November 2021. This compares to 4,994 forms in the 12 months ending November 2020.

In addition to recording the reason force was used, officers will also provide information on the primary conduct of the subject (degree of resistance), any impact factors (for example alcohol, drugs, mental health, weapons etc), the type of location where force was used, any injuries sustained by either the officer or the subject, and the outcome.

Number of use of force forms submitted

Bar chart

The data found within the bar chart is also available in the table below:

Number of use of force forms submitted Nov 2020 - Nov 2021
DateNov-20Dec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21
Month 437 335 426 364 366 387 485 462 462 483 441 492 412
Rolling 12 months 4,994 4,891 4,975 4,984 4,860 4,861 4,925 5,014 4,947 5,021 5,095 5,140 5,115

 

All techniques

Each Use of Force form will detail all of the techniques used during that particular event. Techniques include the use of AEP, Batons, Police Dogs, Ground Restraint, Handcuffs, Irritant Spray (CS or PAVA), Limb/Body Restraints, Shields, Spit Guards and Taser, as well as unarmed skills.

The effectiveness of each technique is also recorded. This helps the Constabulary identify areas of learning and any potential training requirements.

In the event of a firearm or taser being used, additional question sets will also need to be completed.

Bar chart

 

The data found within the bar chart is also available in the table below:

Use of force techniques Nov 2020 - Nov 2021
 TypeNov-20Dec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21
Number of times used 739 538 714 635 638 658 827 780 784 759 733 810 667
Effectiveness 635 469 638 557 566 574 740 694 677 665 641 753 625
% effective 85.9% 87.2% 89.4% 87.7% 88.7% 87.2% 89.5% 89.0% 86.4% 87.6% 87.4% 93.0% 93.7%

 

Demographics

Police officers should record the gender, age and ethnicity of every person who has force used on them. This information is key to being able to monitor disproportionality and to take appropriate action were necessary.

The Constabulary has historically used census information to better understand if any groups are disproportionately represented. However, a new approach has been recently adopted whereby the profile of people who have force used on them is also compared to the profile of suspects on crimes committed in our force area; this is likely to be a better representation of the people who come into contact with the police.

Use of force gender demographics Nov 2020 - Nov 2021
GenderNov-20Dec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21R12 months R12 months
Male 353 240 302 268 279 304 385 338 359 350 319 351 318 3,813 74.5%
Female 82 89 119 91 85 78 91 120 95 113 119 117 78 1,195 23.4%
Transgender 1 3 0 2 0 2 5 0 1 2 0 1 0 16 0.3%
Not stated 1 3 5 3 2 3 4 4 7 18 3 23 16 91 1.8%
Total 437 335 426 364 366 387 485 462 462 483 441 492 412 5,115  -

 

Use of force age demographics Nov 2020 - Nov 2021
AGENov-20Dec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21R12 months 
10 years or under 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 8 1 2 15 0.3%
Under 18 49 56 43 45 35 48 55 85 61 52 37 60 44 621 12.1%
18-34 185 160 231 208 194 191 261 229 248 225 228 256 191 2,622 51.3%
35-49 151 81 113 78 98 122 122 104 106 126 128 100 125 1,303 25.5%
50-64 47 30 32 24 35 20 38 38 39 52 31 45 30 414 8.1%
65 and over 5 2 1 5 0 2 3 2 1 3 5 7 4 35 0.7%
Not stated 0 6 4 4 4 4 5 4 6 25 4 23 16 105 2.1%
Total 437 335 426 364 366 387 485 462 462 483 441 492 412 5,115  

 

Use of force ethnicity demographics Nov 2020 - Nov 2021
ETHNICITYNov-20Dec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21R12 months 
Asian / Asian British 32 16 14 25 24 33 26 20 26 25 20 21 11 261 5.1%
Black / Black British 30 22 25 20 20 25 28 37 45 34 38 22 35 351 6.9%
Mixed 14 14 9 4 11 1 9 11 16 16 13 4 1 109 2.1%
Other ethnic origin 38 17 27 20 22 15 26 26 26 18 32 13 5 247 4.8%
White / White British 313 261 340 289 280 298 385 359 332 353 327 405 341 3,970 77.6%
Not stated 10 5 11 6 9 15 11 9 17 37 11 27 19 177 3.5%
Total 437 335 426 364 366 387 485 462 462 483 441 492 412 5,115  

 

Outcomes

3,031 people who had force used on them in the 12 months ending November 2021 were arrested; while a quarter of all incidents resulted in the subject being detained under the Mental Health Act

  Nov-20 Dec-20 Jan-21 Feb-21 Mar-21 Apr-21 May-21 Jun-21 Jul-21 Aug-21 Sep-21 Oct-21 Nov-21 R12 months  
Arrested 292 200 288 187 217 243 309 275 271 262 267 282 230 3,031 59.3%
Made off / escaped 7 5 2 5 3 2 5 4 5 12 6 2 1 52 1.0%
Detained - Mental Health Act 107 93 115 139 112 94 114 125 122 137 112 75 60 1,298 25.4%
Hospitalised 5 3 0 3 5 1 3 2 2 2 1 24 19 65 1.3%
Fatality 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0%
No further action 50 55 33 42 39 36 49 62 60 88 48 19 36 567 11.1%
Other outcome 44 46 61 56 64 58 75 69 72 69 56 125 85 836 16.3%

12 month comparison

Bar chart

The data found within the bar chart is also available in the table below:

Outcomes Bar Chart data for Nov 20 - Nov 2021
 DateNov-20Dec-20Jan-21Feb-21Mar-21Apr-21May-21Jun-21Jul-21Aug-21Sep-21Oct-21Nov-21
Month 292 200 288 187 217 243 309 275 271 262 267 282 230
Rolling 12 months 3,135 3,049 3,123 3,076 3,011 3,013 3,056 3,104 3,028 3,028 3,059 3,093 3,031

 

 

 

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