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Use of Force Glossary Terms

Technical notes for Use of Force data documents

Column: R - Q

  • Field: Incident Location
  • Item: Location(s)
  • Note: Use of force can occur at more than one location during the event, so more than one of the 15 categories listed can be selected

Column: B

  • Field: Incident Time
  • Item: Start time of Use of Force  
  • Note: This refers to the time the recording Officer had to start to use force

Column: X - AF

  • Field: 'Impact Factor'
  • Item: Decision to use force
  • Note: An 'Impact Factor' is a factor associated with the Subject or Location which informed the decision of the recording Officer to use force on the Subject. More than one 'Impact Factor' can be listed.

Column: AF

  • Field: Impact Factors (in decision to use force)
  • Item: Other includes:
  • Note: Gender of Subject, Learning Impairment of Subject, Physical Health of Subject, Subject self-harming / at risk of, the Location, Other Impact Factor

Column: Q          

  • Field: Location (secondary) - Other will include: Other type of location
  • Item: Other includes:
  • Note: Airport, Care Home / warden controlled facility for Persons who are Elderly, Educational establishment, Private Land, Supported living facility for People with Disabilities, Other type of location

Column: IO

  • Field: Outcome (of Use of Force) for Subject
  • Item: Detained (Mental Health Act)
  • Note: Calculated from two measures: Subject Detained and Type of Incident, Deal with Subject under Section 136 of the Mental Health Act

Column: IP

  • Field: Outcome (of Use of Force) for Subject
  • Item: Fatality
  • Note: Calculated from Injury to Subject resulting from Use of Force measure

Column: IN

  • Field: Outcome (of Use of Force) for Subject
  • Item: Hospitalised
  • Note: This outcome is calculated from a measure that records whether the Subject was hospitalised, specifically as a result of police use of force

Column: IQ

  • Field: Outcome (of Use of Force) for Subject
  • Item: Other
  • Note: Other outcome (for Subject) includes: No further action (NFA),  Other outcome for Subject

Column: S

  • Field: Primary conduct of Subject / behaviour
  • Item: Behaviour of Subject of Use of Force
  • Note: The categories of behaviour are a national standard and feature in Officer training

Column: R

  • Field: Primary Location of event
  • Item: Other force area includes
  • Note: Police force areas other than Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire, such as Essex, Lincolnshire, the Metropolitan Police Service and Thames Valley

Column(s): AG - AS

  • Reason for force
  • Reason for using force
  • More than one 'reason' can be listed in each record

Column: AS

  • Field: Reason (for use of force - at time of first use of force)
  • Item: Other includes
  • Note: Process - Detainee, Other Reason for use of force

Column: AU

  • Field: Single-crewed
  • Item: Yes includes
  • Note: Yes - Single-crewed, Yes - On own.    This measure refers to the status of the Officer at the start of the Use of Force event

Column: W

  • Field: Spat upon
  • Item: Includes
  • Note: The recording Officers was spat upon, injured by a needle stick, or caused an open wound by the Subject of the use of force.    A separate measure also explores whether the recording Officer experienced body fluid transfer from any person to their eyes, mouth or an open wound

Column(s): AX - AY

  • Field: Tac Comms
  • Item: Tac Comms only used
  • Note: Records indicating that only Tac tical Communications was used are included in the data-set

Column: BT

  • Field: Tactic Other
  • Item: Effectiveness
  • Note: Tactic Other' relates to the effectiveness of an improvised use of force.   This was not recorded until June 2017.  'Improvised' use of force is where an Officer uses a technique that is not part of approved Personal Safety Training (PST).

Column(s): BH - BI

  • Field: TASER Conductive Energy Device (CED)
  • Item: Effectiveness
  • Note: The 'effectiveness of the TASER is taken from the highest use.   For instance, if the Officer records that TASER was Drawn, Aimed and then used in Angled Drive Stun, the 'effectiveness' will relate to Angled Drive Stun.

Column: CB

  • Field: TASER Conductive Energy Device (CED)
  • Item: Repeat drive stun
  • Note: Includes: Repeat drive stun and repeat angled-drive stun

Column: U

  • Threatened with weapon
  • No - but weapon may be present (Impact Factor)
  • Calculated from the 'Impact Factor', Presence of a weapon (actual or possible). This measure is not completed in cases of Co-operative Cuffing (Compliant Subject, no threats, weapons, assault or injury)

Column(s): AZ - BA

  • Field: UDT
  • Item: Effectiveness
  • Note: UDT refers to: Unarmed Defence Techniques. If any of the Techniques used are recorded as Effective, the record will show Effective use of UDT

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